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Box lacrosse and outdoor lacrosse are two completely different games. Although the objective is to put the ball in the net in both sports, this is where the similarities end. The differences make playing box lacrosse in the winter a detrimental activity for any outdoor lacrosse players. They would be better served finding a wall and working on stick skills.
The first major troublesome difference is the goal. The goals in box lacrosse are usually 4x4. This eliminates 12 cubic feet of net for a player to aim for. The offensive player will becomes used to the smaller goals and have a hard time adjusting to the extra 12 feet he gains when he plays outdoor lacrosse in the spring.
Another difference in the goalie area is the goalies themselves. The goalies are fully padded and take up almost the entire goal. Basically they wear the same pads as hockey goalies, however outdoors lacrosse goalies wear almost no pads and take up much less space. In box lacrosse with the goalie taking up the entire goal, the mindset of the offensive player changes and it becomes difficult for the right mindset to return for the outdoor season.
Moving away from the offensive player, the defensive player also suffers from box lacrosse. First, box lacrosse does not use long sticks. So a defensive player has to use a different shaft just to play in the games. Second, the field is so short that the defenseman has almost no room to work with. He does not have a chance to make good checks.
The size of the field is major problem for all players. A regular lacrosse field is 110 yards. The box field is less than half of this. Aside from the defenseman having no room to operate and throw checks, the attack men are too cramped to perform their regular dodges. If they try to they will get thrown into the wall. Also this prevents the players from changing hands.
Preventing the players from changing hands is the worst thing for a developing player. The outdoor game is meant for the right and left hand to both be used. The indoor game allows and actually leads to only one good hand being used. This results in a player losing control of his weak hand. This loss of control will only hurt the player in the outdoor lacrosse season.
Outdoor and box are two completely different games. Outdoor players need to stay away from the tempting but possibly hurtful game.

Addendum: box lacrosse trains a shooter to shoot on 20 less square feet of net, not including the goalie, which makes the player have so much more room to shoot in the outdoor season.
Also, playing on a smaller feild without long poles lets defenseman focus on body position, which is much more important than being able to throw checks. In addition to that, many of the greatest lacrosse players in the world play both indoor and outdoor lacrosse, and they use one to help them in the other. Furthermore, indoor lacrosse doesn't make it impossible to use both hands, and the best indoor players do capitilize on the ability to use both hands while they play.