How To Crochet
Learning to crochet is a snap and a wonderful hobby for anyone who loves being creative. These tips will have you crocheting in no time.
Everything that is made by the process called crocheting begins with the chain stitch. Crocheting is used to make all types of things from roses to decorative towels, doilies, baby clothes, dresses, comforters, bedspreads and much more. Learning to crochet is a snap and it is a wonderful hobby for anyone who loves to be creative. These tips will have you crocheting in no time.
Since chains for the foundation rows are incorporated into many of the pattern stitches of everything that is crocheted, it is the most important part of learning how to crochet. It is very important to remember to keep the tension even and slightly loose when you crochet since chains that are too tight will pull. To begin you will need a crochet hook and crochet thread or yarn. You will also need a pattern which will give you directions to follow when you want to make a specific item. The directions with a pattern will tell you the size crochet hooks you will need and the amount of yarn necessary to finish the item.
To begin make a loose slipknot about 5 to 6 inches from the end of the yarn and insert the crochet in the loop from right to left. Next, tighten the loop by pulling on both ends of the yarn. Pick the the ball end of the yarn and wrap it around the little finger on the left hand. Continue with the yarn under the fourth and third fingers and then bring it over the top of the index finger. Make sure the yarn is relatively loose on your hand and holding the slip knot against the needle with the finger tips of your right hand, slide the left hand down the yarn until there are about two inches of yarn between the index finger and the hook. Tighten the yarn slightly against your hand so it will remain taut while you are working.
Grasp the slip knot between your thumb and middle finger of your left hand gently slid the hook forward to catch the yarn with the hook. Draw the yarn back through the chain to form a loop. You might have to practice a bit to get this step down with the correct amount of tension on each stitch in the chain. You will repeat this same step until the right number of stitches are in the chain to begin your project so make sure the stitches are not too tight. You will know if they are too tight because the chain will curl slightly. If the stitches are too loose, you chain will have a loopy, uneven appearance. Also, remember that the original loop in the hoop should not be counted as part of the chains foundation row.
The shortest stitch you can use when crocheting is the single crochet stitch. It will form a compact, firm fabric. To make this stitch you should insert the hook in the second chain from the hook and catch the yarn. Draw the yarn back through the loop. This will leave two loops on your crochet hook. Catch the yarn a second time and draw it through both loops. This should leave one loop still on the crochet hook and the other loop incorporated into your work. Go completely across the chain row repeating this action until you come to the end of the row. Then turn one turn and begin a new row by pushing the hook through the first stitch to pick up the yarn. To make a slightly taller stitch than the single crochet, bring the yarn around the hook from back to front. Then insert the hook in the third chain loop and draw up a new loop. If this is done correctly you will have three loops on the hook. Again bring the yarn once around the hook from back to front and draw a loop through all three loops on your hook. Continue by repeating this in each chain completely across the row. When you reach the end of the row, chain two and then turn to begin a new row. Do this by bringing the yarn once around the hook from back to front and inserting the hook into the first stitch.
A double crochet stitch is twice the height of a single crochet stitch and in many cases will provide the basis for different pattern stitches. To make a double crochet stitch you should bring the yarn once around the hook from back to front and the hook in the fourth chain to catch the yarn. Done correctly, this will leave three loops on your crochet hook. Again bring the yarn once around the hook from back to front and draw it through two of the loops. Next you will bring the yarn once around the hook from back to front and draw it through the last two loops left on the hook. Continue to repeat this action until you have gone completely across the chain. When you reach the end simply chain three and turn. Begin a new row by bringing the yarn once around the hook from back to front and inserting the hook into the second stitch.
For a lighter, airier fabric you will want to use the triple or treble crochet stitch. To make this stitch bring the yarn once around the hook from back to front and then repeat this action once again. Next insert the hook in the fifth chain loop and catch the yarn bringing back through to draw up a loop. If you have done this correctly you will have four loops on your crochet hook. Again bring the yarn once around from back to front and draw it through two of the loops. Bring the yarn around from back to front again an draw it through the two remaining loops. Continue doing this until you reach the end of the chain and then chain four and turn. To begin a new row bring the yarn around from back to front and repeat. Next insert the hook into the second stitch.
One of the more important stitches that is used for joining rounds, seaming, as an edge for finished crochet work and motifs is the slip stitch. To make the slip stitch insert the hook in a stitch and catch the yarn. Draw a loop through the stitch as well as the loop you already have on the hook.