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If you are going to spend a lot of time out in the sun, here are a few helpful hints on how to prevent a sunburn:

--1--The middle of the day is the worst time to be in the sun. If possible, you should plan to be indoors from 10 am to 3 pm.

--2--When you are out in the sun, you should always use sunscreen. For the best protection, you should use a sunscreen with an SPF (sun protection factor) of 45 or 30.

--3--Sunscreen should be applied 15 minutes before exposure to the sun.

--4--If you are outside for more than two hours, you should reapply sunscreen. You should also reapply sunscreen after going swimming.

--5--To protect your face, it is a good idea to wear a broad rimmed hat.

--6--If you are going to be around snow (skiing, snowboarding, etc.) it's also a good idea to wear sunscreen--the snow reflects sun well and may cause you to get a sunburn in places you would not suspect, like under you chin, for example.

--7--You should also limit the time you spend in the sun.

If you are unlucky enough to have gotten burned, here are a few helpful hints for relieving a painful sunburn:

--1--You can try bathing in cool water. Adding vinegar (1 cup), colloidal oatmeal, or baking soda (1 cup) may provide some relief.

--2--Placing a cold compress over your burn may also provide some relief. Take a cloth and dip it in cool water, witch hazel, or in an oatmeal/water solution and place it on your burn.

--3--Take tylenol or acetaminophen for pain (of course, you should not give asprin to children).

--4--To keep your skin from getting overly dried, you should use a mild soap when bathing, and apply a moisturizing lotion after you bathe. Lotion should also help to relieve some of the itching associated with a sunburn.

--5--Aloe, which you can get from an aloe leaf or in gel form at the grocery store, also helps heal your skin.

--6--You should drink plenty of water.

--7--An over-the-counter local anesthetic can also be used to relieve pain (usually these contain lidocaine or benzyl alcohol).

--*--And you should seek medical attention if: you develop signs of heat stroke (delirium, dry, flushed skin), your skin shows signs of severe blistering, if you develop a fever, or if you are dizzy or have vision problems after you have cooled off.