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A CUT-FLOWER
BED - SELECTION



NOTHING brings class to a home, hotel/motel, restaurant or office or whatever like fresh cut flowers in a vase - too bad Mother Nature won't allow it all year round!
We can expect a full 8-months of heavenly flowers (April to October) if we design them into our nature-based landscaping.
We can have scented or non-scented, multi-colored or all one colored flower beds. Predominately blue-colors are cooling and calming during the heat of the business day; whereas yellows and oranges stand out best at night under moon-light or patio-lights.
Cut Flower beds are essentially a garden and we must design walkways between the rows or sections to allow You to crop Your flowers or they are just a delightful visual experience or a flower bed.
Most recommend bulbs and annuals or bulb and perennial Cut flower beds; as the fast growing annuals will always smother out your slow growing perennial starts each year.
Cut flower beds can line a sunny (partial shade ok) sidewalk or can be trenched into a hillside or laid out on a flat in unique geometric patterns. The size of the Beds are determined by the amount of varieties of plants You want to flower and the number of Cut Flower displays You need each day.
Mother Nature exacts a price for 8-months of lovely cut flowers; unlike our other plantings designed to grow and prosper with out us.
Try to design and construct a lovely, living biodiversity of cut-flowers for your open space in landscaping as hassle free as naturally possible; but You must weekly water and monthly fertilize the gems of Mother Nature with 7-9-6 fertilizers monthly from April 1st until September for maximum production.
You should consider "systemic insecticides" in your fertilizer capsules - if You have not invited plenty of wild birds into your neighborhood.
Generally speaking, bulbs planted in your cut flower bed will bloom first in the Spring; as the bulb has the energy reserve to start growing early before the roots come alive in the cold ground.
Lastly, harvesting cut flowers should be a late afternoon or evening activity as the maximum amount of energy and nutrients from daylight photosynthesis is starting to wane after sunset.
ALWAYS USE A VERY SHARP KNIFE AND SLICE THE STEMS DOWN AT AN ANGLE TO ALLOW THE STEM MAXIMUM SURFACE AREA TO ABSORB WATER AND PLACE IMMEDIATELY IN YOUR CUT FLOWER VASE OR TRANSPORT BUCKET FILLED WITH WATER (Aspirin is a cheap, bloom extender).
Scissors crimp or pinch off existing capillaries to carry water into bloom.
Commercial florists have tepid-hot water for recently cut blooms to rest and flush with water in; until in the processing unit where the gradually cooling water allows the blossoms to go gradually dormant and dormancy is initiated in a cool moist room overnight before display to further extend bloom's life.
When You slice off a bloom always leave several leaves on the root-stem; so it may bloom again and always cut flowers before they have bloomed or opened. Some flowers, like Zinnas and Poppies, drop their petals quickly after the bloom opens.


CUT FLOWER SELECTIONS
I. BULBS:
CROCUS: Bright, yellow, satiny flower that are often the very first flowers to be seen in Boise. Very Hardy! Divide every 3-4 years and protect from gophers!
SNOWDROPS: (Galanthus) Soft, white, drooping, bell-like flowers. Do NOT let dry out or divide for decade!
MUSCARIS or GRAPE HYACINTH: Bright blue globes on a tiny stems arising from grass-like blades that grow all year long. Very Long Lived plant!
GLORY OF THE SNOW: (Chionodoxa) Brilliant blue, STAR-LIKE flowers with white centers and it can freely self sow itself once established and growing conditions are favorable!
DAFFODILS (NARCISSUS): The most valuable, universal, Spring- flowering bulb-plant in the Intermountain West. Even Gophers won't eat them; but slugs and snails can be problem.
TULIPS: (Tulipa) Tulips are very cold hardy and comes in a great variety of color, form, height, and structure.
Generally, smaller tulips look best in rock gardens or under trees, taller tulips can stand alone along sidewalks or patios and medium-size tulips go into Cut-flower beds.
HYACINTHS: Fragrant, bell-shaped, tight bundles of flowers on a 12-inch stalk. All climatic life zones friendly.
LILY: (Lilium) This species used to be very fragile and unpredictable before a 1925 breeding program; however things have changed dramatically.
BEARDED IRIS: Hybridization programs have diversified the variety of Irises from dwarf, median to tall.
LILY OF THE VALLEY: (Convallaria majalis) Small, fragrant, drooping, white, wax-like bell blooms on a 6-inch stem arising above two basal broad leaves.
BLEEDING HEARTS: (DICENTRA) A good, shade companion for Lily of the Valley ground mats.
JACOB'S LADDER: Finely divided fern-like foliage with greenish white, bell-shaped blossoms that spread through rhizomes. and shrubs.
ANEMONE: A 18-INCH, Shade companion with large, 2-inch, star- burst pattern flowers of red, blue and white.
GALIUM ODORATUM or Sweet woodruff makes a delightful perennial companion here for a deep, shaded woods appearance.
SCILLA: Bluish clusters of miniature, star-like flowers on 6- inch stems planted in informal drifts across the "Forest Floor".
DAYLILY: (Hemerocallis) varies in height from 6-inch to 6-feet by variety.
ALLIUM: Very hardy, Flowering onion vary from 9 inches to 5- feet, bloom in June and July and come in white, red, yellow, blue and pink.
LYCORIS (SPIDER LILY): (USED IN BORDERS) They grow 15-18 inches tall and bloom July through October with spidery-looking blossoms.

II. ANNUAL CUT FLOWERS:

AGERATUM - A 20-inch tall edging plant with clusters of blue to lavender blooms that mix well with dwarf yellow Marigolds or almost any plant color combination.
BABYBREATH - (Gypsophila) The florist's favorite, "airy", small white flowering filler in bouquets; because its delicate foliage contrasts with courser flowering plant's foliage.
CALENDULA - Bright, 18-inch high, orange and bright yellow, double, daisy-like flowers grace this sunny area flower that must be cut periodically to keep it blooming.
CALIFORNIA POPPY - (Eschscholzia) A 8-24 inch (depending upon annual soil moisture) desert, sagebrush ecosystem plant for cut flowers with finely cut, fan-shaped blue green leaves and two-inch, satiny orange flowers.
CANDYTUFT - (Iberis) A 6-inch tall, fragrant, red, white, rose, purple flowering carpet around walks or rock gardens.
CLARKIA - A 2-foot cut-flower plant with lavender flowers two- inches across that blooms in early spring and summer.
COCKSCOMB or Celosia - A lovely desert species with silver- gray foliage and odd, flower cluster arrangements are cut and dried in a shady spot (to prevent sun-bleaching) on the South side of home.
CORNFLOWER or Bachelor's Buttons - (Centaurea cyanus) A 3-foot high, soft, silvery-gray foliage plant with various available colors from blue, red, rose, whatever.
COSMOS - A 3-6 foot plant with varied colors of open flower clusters for cut-flower arrangements.
CYNOGLOSSUM - A Borage family plant that's 2-foot tall with loose sprays of rich blue, pink or white flowers.
FORGET-ME-NOT - (Myosotis) A foot tall bed or carpet of blue flowers is this plants natural calling; but it does not withstand prolonged heat.
GILIA - A 30-inch tall Western Native, also known as the Thimble flowers with unique clusters of thimble-like, blue flowers. Avoid over-crowding for biggest flowers to cut.
IMPATIENS OR TOUCH-ME-NOT - A partial shady area plant with ripens seed pods that burst open when touched - scattering seeds everywhere!
LARKSPUR - (Consolida ambigua) are 1-5-foot tall stalks of double, blue-white to red-white flowers to use as a backdrop!
LUPINE - A 24-inch high plant with long blue, tubular flowers that can be cut and displayed.
MARIGOLD - (Tagetes) These 30-inch flowers maybe better known for their classic yellow or orange color or their fragrant foliage?
MIGNONETTE - (RESEDA ODORATA) is rare in this country; unlike France, but it has a superb, heady fragrance that one will never forget.
NASTURTIUM - (Tropaeolum) are famous for easy care, quick growth and their distinctive round leaves (lightly scented). They'll bloom one month after sowing!
NEMOPHILA or BABY BLUE EYES - A 6-inch cover perfect for covering spring bulbs dying out. It is native to Western U.S.
PANSY - (VIOLA) or monkey-faced flowers are loved by all kids of young and old.
PETUNIA - or fragrant, funnel-shaped flowers are good bedding plants that can be up to 2-foot tall and all have a long growing season.
PINK (DIANTHUS) - or Sweet Williams are an old English Favorite for their durable growth and luxurious, strong, spicy fragrance.
NOTE: CLOVE PINK (D. caryophyllus) is a very hardy replica of Carnations that anyone can grow each summer to enjoy the classic spicy fragrance of carnations or place in floral displays.
RUDBECKIA - or Black eyed Susan are 2-foot tall bedding or border plants that have a black cone surrounded by brilliant yellow petals.
SALPIGLOSSIS - Painted Tongue is an exotic summer annual with sticky leaves and Petunia like flowers in shades of mahogany-red to reddish orange on a 3-foot tall plant. Makes a handsome display of cut flowers!
SCABIOSA - or Pin cushion flowers are 2-foot tall blue to lavender cut-flower plants with a long growing season
SCHIZANTHUS - This Butterfly Flower will grow as an annual here in (Zone 1-6).
SNAPDRAGON - or Impatiens are 2-foot tall, good sources for cut-flowers with a long season. Pick off spent flowers to continue blooms.
STOCKS - Very fragrant, 2-foot tall flowers that need hay- covering each Fall to re-bloom again in Spring when straw is removed.
SUNFLOWERS - Classic star-buster flowers that love the sun.
SWEET ALYSSUM - 10-inch high, fragrant-honey smell, long- flowering carpet for rock gardens and patio/flagstone edging.
ZINNIA - A long-time favorite, hot sun-loving plant that with long blooming season that is 36-inches high.
III. PERENNIAL CUT FLOWERS:
ASTER - A fast-growing, multi-colored, Mildly invasive (rhizomes) plant that have root stocks that can be divided up each fall and cheaply cover an entire foothill gradually in blue, purple or violet - 1-inch wide flowers.
CALLIOPSIS or Coreopsis - Easily grown, long-flowering season, 2-foot tall plant with profusion of yellow/red/orange flowers that must be continually cut to continue bloom. However, Wild birds love the seeds all winter.
DELPHINIUM - A 4-5 foot high backdrop for landscaped cut flower beds with blue-bell like flowers.
FLAX (Linum) - A 2-foot tall, drought tolerant, sun-loving plant with light blue-flowers naturally through out the summer that will naturalize freely into wastelands or along the foothills. Birds of all sorts love the seeds!
GAILLARDIA - Long blooming (July to frost), red-yellow-orange flowering plant often used in dried flower arrangement. No special care needed.
GEUM - A long-blooming (May to October), 2-foot cut-flower gem. It is winter hardy with some straw covering.
HELIATHEMUM - A 12-inch with small, comet-like flowers that blooms normally from June to September. Will grow fine in dry soil!
HOLLYHOCK (Althea) - A 6-foot tall wall of flowers from late spring to midsummer.
Liatris - A choice cut flower with showy 4-6-foot stalks crowned with rosy-purple, star-bursts of flowers that bloom normally from summer to frost.
PENSTEMON - two-foot tall, native of Western U.S. with trumpet-like red/blue flowers that bloom al summer that can with stand drought and gravelly soils.
PEONY (Paeonia) - A 2-4 foot mainstay of cut flower beds or perennial gardens.
POPPY - (Papaver) are border plants designed for cutting flowers. They come in 16-24-inch sizes and have magnificent, silky red, yellow and salmon petals surrounding a hard knot/stem.
SUMMER PHLOX (PHLOX paniculata) - Three-foot high plant with showy, white, lavender red blooms all summer.
PAINTED DAISY OR PYRETHRUM (CHRYSANTHEMUM roseum) - A 3-foot, delightful, red-pink-white flower blooming in May that can be cut or harvested and bloom again in the Fall!
SALVIA - A 3-4 foot tall backdrop or screen perennial with pink flower that is related to the herb garden Sage.
SHAMROCK or Lemon Grass (Oxalis) - A 4-inch high plant with Shamrock leaves, yellow flowers and a lemon-taste!
SHASTA DAISY (Chrysanthemum maximum) - A delightful cut flower with two and half foot long flowers with black core and yellow strobe petals.
SPEEDWELL (VERONICA) - A Hardy, 18-inch high, rose cut flower. Use in sunny borders or rock gardens.
STOKESIA - A rugged and most adaptable plant with light blue, aster-like flowers that bloom from summer to autumn.
SWEET PEA (Lathyrus)- This perennial vine will succeed almost anywhere with out any care.

B. PARTIAL SHADE -

CANTERBURY BELLS (Campanula) - A 2-foot tall plant used for cut-flowers with lovely blue bell-shaped flowers on a long stem.
COLUMBINE (Aquilegia) - A dramatic, 2-3 foot high plant with blue or red unique flowers - like fairy slippers.
CORAL BELLS (Heuchera) - A unique red, 2-foot high plant that does best in alkaline soils.
FOXGLOVE (Digitalis) - A very dramatic 4-6 foot backdrop for Your cut-flower bed with June to July stalks of red flowers.
HORSEMINT (Monarda) - A bushy, leafy clump around 2 foot tall in moist sunny locations with a pleasant fragrance-blend of mint and basil. The scarlet topped flowers - that bloom all summer - are attractive in cut-flower displays and popular with hummingbirds.
PRIMROSE (Primula) - A much hybridized, 6-inch carpet-plant species that can be designed to fit any niche.