You Are At: AllSands Home > Pets > Cat and dog skin problems: overcoming pests and mange
It is important to recognize skin problems early and seek veterinary advice to get the appropriate treatment for your pet. Skin problems are persistent and require your patience and persistence to continue treating it until it disappears. Skin diseases cause itchiness which worsens the skin as it becomes inflamed and traumatized. Secondary bacterial and fungal infection then sets into the wounds. Skin diseases fall into 4 main categories of parasitic disease, nutritional deficiency, skin allergy and bacterial and fungal diseases.

The most common skin disease is caused by parasites like ticks, fleas, mites, demodectic mange and ear mites. Ticks and fleas can be treated with commercial brands of shampoo. Wash and bathe your pet thoroughly with the shampoo. Dry and then apply the insecticidal powder. It takes a minimum of 3 weeks before improvements are seen. Check your pet's coat thoroughly for any signs of ticks and fleas. If you spot them and observe that your pet is still scratching itself excessively, then try the " tick dips ". These are more effective as they are durable for a maximum of 4 days on your pet's skin. The tick dip also eliminates re-contamination of the tick or flea. These dips are poisonous and care must be taken to follow instructions.

Mites are treated with organophosphate baths for at least a month. It is necessary to take your pet for a veterinary check-up to confirm that the cure is effective. You need patience to persist for several months before the results are seen.

Demodectic mange needs a minimum of 6 weeks of shampooing with an insecticidal wash. As for all skin conditions, get your diagnosis from your vet so that you know the skin condition and approximate length of time for the treatment.

Ear mites are also dangerous as they can cause ear infections. You need to wash and clean your pet's ear according to instructions on the shampoo packaging.

Nutritional deficiency is the result of feeding your pet unbalanced home-cooked meals of only meat and carbohydrate. The lack of minerals, vitamins and essential fatty acids cause itchy skins or dull coats. Feed your pet commercial pet food with its enhanced nutritional value for your pet to recover from nutritional deficiency.

Skin disease due to skin allergy usually derives from allergy to a foreign protein in food or a chemical. Beef can cause this condition in dogs. Mutton is a lesser allergenic meat to feed your dog. External chemicals which may cause skin allergy are carpet shampoo and household cleaning reagents. Ask your vet for the proper course of treatment for this type of skin allergy.

Bacterial and fungal skin diseases are dangerous as they are not species specific and may infect cats, dogs as well as humans. Your vet may recommend a specific anti-fungal shampoo for your pet. For the range of skin diseases, there is also a range of pet care products for treatment. Get your vet's advice to save time, money and also to secure your pet's comfort.