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How do turtles reproduce?

One of the main gender distinctions among turtles is their size. Females are normally much larger than males because of the strict physical demands of laying eggs.

The actual breeding processes of turtles depend greatly on the temperature. For males the beginning of the spermatogenesis process requires a warm body temperature. This is why turtles in the South breed much earlier in the year than ones in the North; It's the opposite for females. Many females need cooler temperatures in order to stimulate ovarian activity. The vitellogenesis period often begins in late summer and autumn, with the egg-laying occurring in late spring and summer.

Older turtles are reproductively active for longer periods than the younger ones, and turtles rarely pair up and stay with one single mate for their entire lives. The male sex organs are found on glands. Glandular secretions discharge directly onto the male's skin. The male wipes the secretions close to or directly onto the female's burrow. A female may choose several males in succession with whom to breed.

When the females lay their eggs, they lay as many as 20 at a time of varying thickness and levels of flexibility. Immediately after laying the eggs, the female lays herself on top of the nest as to push them down into the ground a bit, so they'll be slightly hidden. When she gets up, she rarely takes another interest in the nest. The eggs hatch at variable lengths of time, not usually exceeding four months.


What do you need to do during the turtle reproduction cycle?
Your main focus when breeding turtles should be to make the process as natural as possible for the animals. You'll want to research the particular species of turtle you have, so you can make sure the animals have the proper mating temperatures. You'll want to set up a mating area of their cage or pen, complete with light bulbs and thermometers, so you can monitor the situation accurately. You'll see a yolk sack form on the underside of your female turtle when she is pregnant. In addition, be sure to allow a grassy, earthy area for your female to lay the eggs. Once the eggs are laid, you need to do further research about the proper temperature at which your particular species of eggs needs to be incubated.