Workplace Risk Assessment
Workplace risk assessment: There are different aspects in ones workplace that may influence his or her risk of being there. These risks include ones age, sex, or gender.
Many studies have been conducted throughout the criminal justice system that cover many aspects of our society today. One of these stdues was conducted in San Fransisco, California by Esther Madriz. Information in this theory came from the National Crime Survey: Victim Risk Supplement and the National Crime Victimization Survey. This theory covers the relationship between routine activities and an insight of risk into the workplace. In this paper I will discuss how the concepts of the theory were measured and if they were measured efficiently, if all the propositions were being tested, what type of data was being used, what samples do the researchers use in testing the theory, and based on all this did the authors accomplish what they were trying to.
To measure the amount of criminal activity one may be victim to, two questions were asked. The first, "Do you consider your workplace very safe from crime, fairly safe, fairly unsafe, or very unsafe?" The second, "Do you consider your neighborhood very safe from crime, fairly safe, fairly unsafe, or very unsafe?" They were included in a scale of perception of risk in the workplace. These two questions are good indicators of the perception of risk in the workplace because they represent an evaluation of the situation, and they clearly refer to crime. The Victim Risk Supplement has several questions related to characteristics of the workplace and to the routine activities of the people getting interviewed. These items were included in a varimax factor analysis and the results showed the factors may be grouped into 3 scales. These 3 scales include travel for work, security of the work, and contact with potential offenders. Travel for work includes number of work locations, frequency of local travel, and frequency of overnight trips for work. Security of the workplace includes the presence in the workplace of reception/guard, burglar alarm, guard dogs, cameras, police or guards, locked entry or gate, pass, or ID. The final scale, contact with potential offenders, was considered an indicator of proximity. It includes workplace open to public and number of persons, not coworkers, seen per week. These scales are good measures because they all deal with how secure a person is in their workplace.
Age, gender, and race are all propositions being tested in this theory. There are differences in the rate of victimization of different groups according to other criminal opportunity theories. Young men and minorities having higher chances of being a victim. There are also individual differences in the ways people may limit their routine activities. Women and the elderly are more likely to limit their daily routines than men. In this theory the author is trying to see whether or not the factors that influence the perception of risk in the workplace as unsafe are similar to different races.