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The main ingredient for successful housetraining of a new puppy is the owner’s understanding of how the puppy learns. A puppy learns things by association, so if he or she has had an accident indoors there is no point reprimanding unless you actually catch the puppy in the act. Even then a firm “no!” followed by taking the puppy outside is more likely to work than the old methods of rubbing it’s nose in it, or spanking the pup. If you do not catch the animal in the act, then a reprimand will do no good, as too much time will have elapsed for the puppy to be able to associate the telling off with the defecating.
It would be a much better method of housetraining, however, if instead of waiting for the accident to happen, we were to take some measures to prevent them in the first place.

1. Take advantage of the puppy’s habitual tendencies, and the ability to learn by association. This means that a rigid schedule should be adhered to. Take the puppy out last thing at night and first thing in the morning, and generally half an hour after each meal and nap. Feed at regular times, and your puppy will begin to learn by association when it is time to ‘poop’, and where to do it. Assign a comment to give to the puppy to praise it after a successful ‘poop’, and it will further learn that it has done the right thing. Don’t give the puppy lots of water in the evenings, and do not feed after 6pm to prevent him from being tempted to go during the course of the night, thus hampering its education.

2. Take advantage of the puppy’s desire to keep it’s sleeping area clean. By cordoning off a sleeping area for the puppy, coupled with a rigid schedule, you can reduce the risk of accidents, and give the puppy quality education in housetraining. Don’t make the area too big or the puppy might be tempted to use one end of it for a toilet. Feed the puppy in the sleeping area, carry outside half an hour after feeding, allow to play in a larger area for about an hour, and then put back in the sleeping area until it is time to take outside again. The reason for carrying the dog outside are so that the first thing it feels on it’s feet is grass, and learns by association that that feeling means it’s time to go. As the puppy learns more and more (a couple of weeks) you can give more freedom of the house to.

3. Look out for danger signs. If you are in the vicinity of the puppy and he/she starts circling around, hanging around by the door, or loses interest in playing you know that an accident is just waiting to happen!

So the message is educate yourself in housetraining in order to give your puppy a good education.