Knowing about the basic speech and forensics events can help you decide to participate in or learn more about competitions.
High school speech and forensics competitions allow students an outlet for dramatic talent and offer a chance to compete against their peers. Like many sports events, these events reward participants with medals, titles, and self-respect. These events can boost a student's confidence in themselves and provide them with valuable life skills.
Lincoln-Douglas: In LD the student argues either for or against a topic with a competitor from another team. The affirmative states their position and the negative cross-examines. The negative then states their position and the affirmative cross-examines. Then there are three rebuttals, affirmative, negative, and affirmative again.
Original Oratory: In OO the student must write an original speech, memorize it, and present it in a room with the judges and other competitors. The speech can be on any topic the student desires and must not exceed ten minutes.
Standard Oratory: In SO the student must memorize a speech, essay, or editorial written by someone else and recite it in the same manner as in OO. The student must also give a short introduction to tell about the author and why they have selected their piece for performance. The maximum time is not to exceed ten minutes. This event is limited to grades 9 and 10.
Prose: In PR the student must read an excerpt from a story, novel, or essay, and convey subtleties of meaning and feeling to the audience. The interpreter must rely primarily on vocal changes and facial expression, using gestures sparingly. The manuscript must be in the hands of the performer during the performance. Time, including an introduction, must not exceed eight minutes. This event is limited to grades 9 and 10.
Poetry: In PO the rules for presentation are the same for that as Prose. The poetry selection must have an introduction and exceed no more than eight minutes. This event is limited to grades 11 and 12.
Monologue: In MO the student performs material in which only one character speaks. The performance consists of two different pieces, one humorous and one dramatic. One chair and blocking appropriate to the scene are allowed. The entire performance, both monologues and introduction, must not exceed six minutes.
Humorous and Dramatic Interpretation: In HI and DI the student performs material in which more than one character speaks. During the performance there is a minimum of allowable movement below the waist. No kneeling or jumping is allowed; the student must remain standing the entire time. The piece and introduction must not exceed ten minutes.
Humorous and Dramatic Duet: In HD and DD two students perform as two or more characters. Two chairs and appropriate blocking are used in the presentation. Time, including introduction, must not exceed ten minutes.
Foreign and Domestic Extemporaneous Speaking: In DEX and FEX the student must be prepared to speak on foreign and domestic topics that have received significant attention by the media since September 1. All participants will be sealed in a room while each draws five topics, one of which must be chosen by the participant and shown to the supervisor. The student then has thirty minutes to prepare a speech on the topic using approved materials brought for the event (magazines, newspaper articles, ect.). The student may prepare a notecard containing no more than fifty words to take with them. At the end of the thirty minutes the student must give the speech in a room containing only the student and the judges. Each judge may ask one question. The student must speak over four minutes and under seven.