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Teaching children to read also teaches them how to learn. So by helping children to enjoy reading, you’re going to improve their learning potential.

Young children watch what their adults do and learn by copying them. Reading is no different, but they must want to read. It will help if they can see others enjoying reading themselves. Boys, in particular need to know that reading is important and fathers and grandfathers reading to them can help. Seeing adults reading from books, newspapers, recipes, menus, will make children want to read themselves.

Children gain a lot from spending time talking with parents, family and friends and listening, reading and writing. Most children will try hard to impress their parents, please them and will want to do well. Best of all, sharing the fun of reading is a great experience for both children and adults.

First Steps
Babies love words and language. They love it when adults sing and read to them and tell them stories, poems, and rhymes. Even small babies love and enjoy books.
--From the start, the time spent reading with children will make books and stories come alive. Board books and bath books are often the first books children come across. They treat them as toys and this helps them to handle books, turn the pages of a book, to enjoy different shapes and colours and pictures.
--Children often want to listen to the same stories again and again. This is fine as it builds confidence and familiarity with words, and reinforces that stories are fun.
--Try to share books together each day, and not just during bedtime. A few minutes of special quiet time with a book everyday is much more valuable than half an hour every week.
--One of the main ways in which adults can help children to become readers is by sharing books and reading aloud to them. They will learn to talk about the story and pictures, join in the parts they know and eventually recognize the words on the page.

Learning to Read
Most children learn to read by putting together letters that match up with the sounds that they remember hearing. They learn the sounds that letters make. They learn how letters join together to make words.

Adults can help by doing the following
Play "I Spy." It is a great way of showing that every word begins with a letter
Singing Rhymes help children see how letters make the same pattern in different words.
Play odd one out games
At the shop point out the names of different kinds of food as you go past them.
Encourage the child to choose a book for you to read
Show the child the way words go from left to right on the page by underlining them with fingers _yours first and then theirs
Don't keep the child guessing for long if they cant say a word-Try and help them to spell it out slowly using the sounds of the letters and then say it faster
Praise the child when they work out a new word for themselves.
Never say children are stupid or lazy if they don't get it right the first time.

All these things help to build the child's confidence in its ability to read and read well.