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Potty training starts when a child is ready. There are many signs to signal that s/he is ready to start potty-training. She must understand words associated with bowel movements like "pee", "poop", "wet", "dirty", "dry", "clean" and of course, "potty".

The child must understand the use of the potty. She learns best by example from parents, older siblings or her peers. Let her learn by watching how others use the toilet correctly. Explain that the potty is a toddler's toilet. She may show initiative to learn potty training when she is capable of telling you her diaper is wet or dirty and she prefers to be clean and dry. At a mature stage, she may feel the urge to let go and tell you in advance.

Toddlers vary in their developmental levels and may be ready between the ages of eighteen months to two and a half years old. Training takes from about a fortnight to two months. Patience and praise are necessary to train a child to use the potty.

Involve the child in the process of starting potty training. Go potty shopping together. Let her choose a design that she likes. Look for one that's of suitable size for her build. She should be able to sit securely on the potty by herself. Let her practice potty sitting before she actually uses it. Familiarization will take the pain out of forcefully making her sit on the potty.

Schedule regular times for the child to sit on the potty. Usually, kids need to go about half an hour after meals, after waking up from sleep and before bedtime. Remind her to tell you whenever she feels the need to go. Be prepared to face a few messes now and then.

Praise works wonders for potty training. Encourage her by praising her every time she uses the potty. Teach proper hygiene by hand washing with soap after each potty use.

Be aware that toddlers may need help unfastening clothes, zips, buttons or other fussy openings. help her whenever you see that she is fussing with them before she does it on the floor.

Toddlers need to be reminded to go every three to four hours. They may be too engrossed in their activities and forget their potty training.

No matter how tedious and trying the process of teaching potty-training, stick to it. Don't punish the child if she suffers setbacks and makes mistakes. It is all part of her learning and developmental process.

At about three years of age, potty days will be over when she graduates to using the adult toilet bowl.