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Hammers come in different shapes and sizes. Select one that feels comfortable in your hand, something not too heavy to hold. The head weight can range from several ounces to several pounds. You will want a hammer heavy enough so the momentum of the swing drives the nail, instead of your arm.However, if it is too heavy, it could be dangerous for you.
Hammers also come with flat or bell shaped heads. For odd jobs around the house, bell shaped is probably the best. It is all purpose, and can drive a nail flush with wood. Flat heads will drive a nail into the woods surface. Unless you will do extensive work with a hammer, like putting up a fence, either should do.
How to hammer a nail?
Once you select a hammer, it is time to put it to use. Hold a nail in one hand, the hammer in the other, and gently tap the end of the nail with the head of the hammer. Hold the hammer near the end of the handle. You should be able to life the hammer and let the weight of the head bring the hammer down on the nail. Once the nail is in partially, take your other hand away, and continue hammering. You do not want to hit your fingers with the hammer.
How to remove a nail?
If the nail is not exactly where you want it, or if you simply need to remove another nail, it's time to use the other side of your hammer. For this job, it is best to have a curved-claw hammer. Straight-claws are better for ripping things apart. So, take the curve claw end of your hammer, and place the nail between the claws. The head of the hammer should rest on the surface. If it is on a pliable surface, like a wall, you might want to put a clothe between the hammer and surface. Sometimes the head of the hammer can leave an imprint. Then, simply pull the hammer away from the claw. The nail should pull out easily.
How to use a screwdriver?
If you do not think a nail will hold something in place, you might want to try a screw. The ridged edges will hold longer. All you need is a screwdriver. A regular screwdriver has a straight head, while a Phillips
screwdriver has a four-prong indention. You will need to purchase whichever one matches your screws. Then, all you need to do, is place the screw in the spot you want it, hold it steady with one hand, the screwdriver in the other.
Then, place the head of the screwdriver on the screw, and start turning it clockwise. You will notice the screw diving into the material. When it is tight, you are done.