Types Of Saws
What are some different types of saws? How do you use them?
Saws, like all tools, come in different types for different uses. To get the results you desire, it is important to select the correct saw for the job. While power saws are popular, they are also expensive. Here is a list of hand saws and how to use them. Purchase the one you need for the work you need done.
Crosscut and Ripsaws
Crosscut and ripsaws have the same shape and are made for cutting wood. But the ripsaw's teeth are coarser. If you are looking for a smoother cut, go with the crosscut. Both work the same way. Position the wood on a sawhorse, or stable surface, and use a push/pulling motion to cut the wood. Both saws will cut the wood on the push motion and clean the sawdust out during the pulling motion.
The backsaw offers smooth, precise cuts from a rectangular blade. Many carpenters use the backsaw to cut on a miter box. The miter box allows carpenters to make precise 45-degree or 90-degree angles. The backsaw cuts the same way as the crosscut saw, with a push/pull motion.
The coping saw is likely the most versatile saw used for design or decoration. The saw is thin and removable. It is placed between a frame, and pinned in. This allows you to do delicate work.
To use the coping saw, remove the lever from the far side of the handle, and slip the blade out. Then, place the saw in between the piece of wood you want cut. Once in place, replace the blade, and tighten the lever. This will allow you to hold onto the handle with one hand and the frame with another to direct the saw.
The compass saw looks like a thin, pointed ripsaw. It is used the same way, except in tight or straight places, like walls or keyholes. A straight-handled compass saw will cut on the pull stroke while a piston-grip saw will cut on the push stroke.
The hacksaw is a multi-purpose saw. It can be used on metal or plastic and can be used from almost any angle. It has a fairly small blade that is positioned by pins, so it can be turned in different directions. You can also replace the blade for harder or softer surfaces. The more teeth in the blade, the harder material the blade can cut.
To use, simply move the blade back and forth. The blade will cut in the push stroke. If you want to cut on a different angle, just remove the pins, and rotate the blade; then begin the push/pull motion again.