History Of The Latin Language
Latin's history and contribution to modern English is prolific. Latin is alive and well in the English language!
Latin is a dead language. This you can plainly see. It killed off all the Romans, and now it's killing me!
This little rhyme was one from my high school days that was often written or spoken by those students who took Latin.
While Latin is often referred to as a dead language, it is found throughout modern English. It is also claimed by many that Latin is not at the root of English. While it may not be as intricately involved as it is in the so called Romance Languages (French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish) Latin's contribution to modern English can not be discounted.
Most of the Latin that is in use in today's English comes from Greek. Many of the terms of mathematics, medicine, and science that we use are from Latin.
Lateral comes from the Latin word for side; osteo-as in osteoporosis is from the word for bone; and homocide comes from homo- human and -cide meaning kill. Latin, much like Greek fills English with affixes (prefixes and suffixes). Here are a few:
pro- for -duct tow -sect- cut
-archy rule -cide kill arch- principal
uni- one duo- two tri- three
quint- five sex- six sept- seven
centi- 100 octo- eight -duct carry
static- stand aqua- water cycle wheel
-graph write tele- distant -vision see
bi- two -gram- grain
We have television, aqueducts, quintuplets, and bicycles. There are monarchs, monarchy, telegraphs, universe, and octopuses. And that's just to name a few. There can be no doubt.
Latin is alive and well in the modern English language!