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Birds spend much of their time feeding and searching for food. Most birds cannot store large reserves of food internally because the extra weight would prevent them from flying. Small birds need to eat more frequently than large ones because they have a greater surface area in proportion to their weight and therefor their body heats more quickly. Some extremely small birds, such as hummingbirds, have so little food in reserve that they enter a state resembling hibernation during the night and rely on the warmth of the sun to energize them in the morning.

Most birds are either carnivorous, meaning they eat other animals, or herbivorous, meaning they eat plant material.

The main thing you need to know is to mix your own seed. You can create a mix that will attract a wide variety of birds. You also need to know hat birds realy like.

What birds like:

Niger seed (thistledown)
Sunflower seeds(paticularly the thin-shelled oilseed)
White proso milet
Finely cracked corn

Things to Avoid:

Milo and red milet, whcih are used as filler in commercial mixes and are not attractive to birds
Peanut hearts attract starlings, which you may want to avoid

Requirements of a good feeder:

It should keep the seed dry (mold by-products are toxic to birds)
Be squirrel-resistant (baffles above and below are good protection)
For winter feeding of insect-eating birds (Woodpeckers, chickadees, tit-mice and nuthaches), string up chunks of beet suet