Floor Tile Installation
Installing a tile floor can be intimidating. But with a little patience, it's not that hard. Here's how.
You have looked at the same tile floors for years, and you are tired of the old pattern that was very popular years ago but leaves a lot to be desired today. Replacing this old and out of date tile is not as difficult as you might think. Vinyl is a simple and easy way to cover a floor, and renew a room. Many tiles have self adhesive, and are much simpler to use. Tiles without the adhesive backing require glue to be spread over the floor with a notched trowel.
There are a few negative aspects of using vinyl tile. It does not have the felt backing of sheet vinyl and can loosen. In addition, frequent mopping tends to allow water to soak between the tiles and cause some cracking.
Be cautious when using adhesives, some are flammable and can cause skin irritations. The vapors can be dangerous when inhaled; make sure there is good ventilation.
Allow tiles to set in room temperature for approximately 24 hours. Remove moldings and baseboards in the room where tile will be laid.
Tile needs a base that is flat and clean consequently you will need to remove the old tile or install a surfacing on top, that is smooth and hard. To loosen old tile, a hair dryer or clothes iron works well. Set the iron on low to moderate heat. Using a wide putty knife lift up the tile.
Be sure to scrape old glue from the floor.
Snap lines from center of opposite walls exactly in the center of each. Intersecting lines must meet a 90 degrees.
Lay unglued dry tile along snapped lines, this allows for adjusting until borders are at least the width of half a tile. This will give even borders re-check with a square.
Work in quarter sections at a time. Read instructions for adhesive, and spread to recommended thickness on floor.
Distribute vinyl adhesive using a trowel with notched edges. Comb it out in beaded ridges. Install tiles from center out aligning the tiles with the chalk lines. Place tiles gently into place, if they are slid into place this will cause the glue to ooze out.
Place all of the full tiles down before installing the edge or border tiles. To mark the tile to be cut for the border place the tile upside down on the fixed tile in last row. Place second tile on top against wall. Mark first tile and cut with knife. Make a cardboard pattern to duplicate odd shapes or curves.
Use a rolling pin to push out any air bubbles and to force adhesive onto the back of the tile. Roll each way lengthwise and crosswise of the tile. Before walking on the newly laid tile, allow adhesive to set for recommended time as the label directs.
Now, the last step is to admire your fine new floor! You have the great satisfaction of "doing it yourself" and think of the money you saved!