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The Seven Wonders of the World are artworks and architectures with which the ancient Greek and Roman people have regarded as the most extraordinary structures of antiquity.

Built at Giza during the 4th Dynasty, the Pyramids of Egypt are the oldest of the seven wonders and the only surviving structures today. They are pyramidal in form and consists of 4 triangular sides that meet in a point at the top. They were built to serve as royal tombs. The most famous one was the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu which measured 146 meters with a square measuring 238 meters on each side.

The next Wonder is the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. They were mountain-like series of planted terraces, built by the Chaldean King Nebuchadnezzar the 2nd during 600 B.C. as a consolation to his Median wife who missed the natural surroundings of her homeland. Technically, the garden did not hang but rather grew on the roofs and terraces of the royal palace in Babylon.

At Olympia, Greece, the 40 ft. statue of Zeus was the central attraction in the temple of Zeus. Its robe and ornaments out of gold and body carved from ivory was designed by the Athenian sculptor Phidias.

The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus,Greece was built in honor of the Greek goddess who was known to the Romans as Diana. It was constructed in the 6th century B.C. and rebuilt after it was burned in 356 B.C.

Only fragments remained in the once monumental marble tomb known as the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. It was built around 353 B.C. and decorated by the leading sculptor of the age for King Mausolus of Caria in Asia minor.

A 100 ft. bronze statue of the ancient Greek sun god Helius was called the Colossus of Rhodes. It was erected at about 280 B.C. to guard the entrance at the harbor of Rhodes. It was later destroyed in an earthquake.

The last one is the Pharos of Alexandria. It was designed at about 280 B.C. during the reign of King Ptolemy. It was located on an island in the harbor of Alexandria, Egypt. It was a famous ancient lighthouse standing 440 ft. tall. It consisted of simple structures surmounted by a beacon fire. During the 14th century, it was destroyed by an earthquake.