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Thailand was for centuries known as Siam and for centuries has been a Southeast Asian exploration through culture, history and religious for many visitors.

Thailand has a population of over 58 million and is approximately the size of France. The country borders with Myanmar to the west and north, Laos to the northeast, Cambodia to the east and Malaysia to the south.

Thailand is divided into six sections: the eastern plain, where sandy beaches and valleys and mountains can be found, the central plain where the land its most fertile, the northeast where the Bronze Age civilisation lived some 5000 years ago and the north where elephants work the forests.

History of Thailand

The Bronze Age.
Archelogical studies have discovered that in the northeast hamlet of Ban Chiang, the oldest Bronze Age civilization was flourishing over 5000 years ago.

11th and 12th centuries
Waves of immigrants entered Thailand, travelling from south China. By the end of the 12th century Khmers ruled much of the area.

Small cites had been established by Thais. In 1238 two chieftains rebelled against the rulers and built the independent Thai kingdom in Sukhothai. The creation of the Thai alphabet and Thai art forms were established which included sculpture, painting and literature.

The city declined in the 1300s and eventually became a state of Ayutthaya, further south in the Chao Phyraya River Valley. The state was founded in 1350 and remained the Thai capital until 1767 when it was destroyed by Burmese invaders.

In 1782, the first king of the present Chakri dynasty, Rama1 established his new capital on the site of a hamlet called Bangkok.

A Chakri monarch’s son saved Thailand from western colonisation.

Today Thailand has grown into a constitutional monarchy. Kings have exercised their rights through a cabinet headed by a Prime Minister, and their judicial powers through the law courts.

The people of Thailand have ranged from skilled immigrants such as painters, writers and artists to the rich ethnic diversity of today.


The climate in Thailand is tropical and has three distinct seasons:
March through May is summer
June to September is rainy mostly with plenty of sunshine
October through February is cool.
Health: Vaccinations may be necessary, check in good time with your doctor for up-to-date advice.

The appeal of Thailand is apparent. With its diverse cultural and historic riches, it is a place where even the inexperienced traveller would enjoy. Exploring the country in depth would take a long time and therefore a loose itinerary is recommended for your first trip to the country.

Tourism is not a main economy of Thailand and so you’ll find that hardly anyplace is manufactured or false in any way.