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Successor to Harmhab and ruler of ancient Egypt during the XIX and XX dynasties King Ramses I was grandfather to Ramses The Great. This son of Seti, who was not heir to the throne but instead upsurped it, brought Egypt to unprecedented splendor during his long reign from 1292 B.C to 1225 B.C.
During the summer months in ancient Egypt people would look to the heavens for a sign that a most critical occurrence was to happen. It was believed that the first appearance of the Dog Star Sirius could herald the flooding of the Nile. This event promised yet another year of good crops. Divine chronicles of ancient Egypt relate that in 1317 BC the appearance of this star was an omen of great things soon to come on earth.
Born about 1303 B. C. in the eastern Nile Delta, Ramses The Great was known as the Warrior King and Son of Ra, the sun god. A serious child, he was appointed co-ruler by his aging father and assumed the throne in 1297 B.C. at age 24. According to tradition Ramses II was the Pharaoh of Egypt in the biblical Exodus story. Married to Nefertari, whose tomb is considered the most beautiful in Egypt, the bible story was supported by the loss of their first son. Ramses The Great was an ambitious builder, a successful general and a popular ruler. He was believed to have sired 100 children during his life.
Part of a 400 year kingdom era, Ramses The Great marched 20,000 soldiers north into Syria to defend his empire against Hittite invaders. His empire stretched from South Syria to the fourth cataract of the Nile. Social life was luxurious for the upper classes during his reign and Ramses The Great left many monuments to himself. Temples, statuary, funerary temples and the royal tomb he built for himself have provided first hand information about his life as he wished posterity to know it. In ancient Egypt it was believed that what the gods had created, the king inherited. Ramses duty was to preserve the union of Upper and Lower Egypt which he did by defeating Egypts enemies and honoring the gods. One of the longest ruling monarchs of Egypt, he ruled the ancient kingdom for 67 years before his death at age 90.