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Egypt stretches over more than a million square kilometres, however most of the land is barren desert that induces the population to live in just 3% of the land, the Nile Valley and Delta.

Most of the animals worshipped by the Egyptian culture are now extinct, gone are the leopards, cheetahs, oryx and hyenas. There are plenty of rats and bats, however camels and donkeys are the most popular animal life.

Egypt’s climate is hot and very dry most of the year and during the winter the daily temperatures are up to around 20 degrees Celsius on the coast and a pleasant 26 degrees elsewhere.

Among the great beauties of the Nile and the Pyramids, The Sphinx is one historic landmark that a trip to Egypt wouldn’t be complete without.

The Sphinx is a mythological creature with a lion’s body and human head. In Greek legend, the monument was a female monster that preyed on travellers going to Thebes. She killed those who could not answer her riddle, which was finally solved by Oedipus. Although the Sphinx at Giza is thought to be a portrait statue of King Khafre.

The Sphinx was believed the have been built in 2500 BC, however due to the missing identifying marks or records of this celebrated monument, this cannot be determined beyond any doubt.

All Egyptian Sphinxes are shown with men’s heads but in other parts of the world sphinxes were often given women’s heads. Sometimes rows of the monuments were set up t stand guard over palaces or royal tombs. These sphinxes were often shown with wings and a lion’s body.

Unlike the Pyramids, the Sphinx is carved out of living rock and is 241 feet long and in the widest part 65 feet high. It faces due south east. It has been suggested that it was built around the time of the Pyramid of Khafre (the pyramid to the left of the monument), but findings by John Anthony West suggest that there are water erosions unlike those found on the other monuments. The marks were identified as water as they flow in a vertical direction, unlike sand or wind erosions that are horizontal. Dating the monument is impossible, as there are no marks or passages recording the building or date of construction.

The Mysteries of the Sphinx

Unanswered questions:
1. If the monument has watermarks along it, where did they come from? It is apparent that the devastating rain and floods of the desert were dated as much earlier.
2. Why are none of the other monuments believed to have built at the same time have these water erosion marks?
3. Why is there no identifying marks or details on the construction of such a celebrated monument?
4. What is the head looking or pointing at? Is it trying to tell us something?

There are many theories to the Sphinx and its mystery. Some believe that the way the head is pointing or looking has some bearing to constellations and the sky, perhaps a warning of things to come. Although there are may geologists and scientists willing to put forward a map of exactly why it is there and what significance it has (if any) to the Egyptian culture and history.

It is a fact that until there is unmistakable proof to any of the theories then we won't know more about the famous monument. But this is unlikely ever to occur as there is little history known. Many have resorted to the opinion that The Sphinx will remain an Egyptian mystery.