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A fibroid is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor located in the muscular wall of a woman's uterus. Fibroids are also known by the names LEIOMYOMA UTERI, LEIOMYOMA, OR MYOMA.

Fibroids are extremely common, affecting between 50% - 80% of women. Common indications of fibroids include heavy menstrual periods, abdominal distortion, pelvic pressure, infertility, repeated miscarriage, premature labor, frequent urination, and constipation. These symptoms can be caused by a number of disorders and do not necessarily indicate that a woman has fibroids. A trained medical professional examining the following should perform the diagnosis of fibroids: patient's history, pelvic examination, pelvic ultrasound, MRI, or a hysteroscopy.

There are a number of treatment options available for the management of fibroids, Hysterectomy, Myomectomy, Medical Therapy, Endometrial Ablation, and the newest of which - Uterine Artery Embolization. Uterine Artery Embolization is a technique that involves inserting a catheter into an artery in the thigh, then maneuvering into uterine vessels. At that time, small plastic particles are injected into the vessels. The plastic particles cut off the blood supply to the fibroids resulting in the fibroids to shrink to about half their size. Recovery time for this procedure averages about a week. This technique is an option for fibroid relief without invasive surgery.