Joseph Campbell Biography
Joseph Campbell was the eldest of two children born to Charles Campbell, a merchant, and Josephine Lynch. He grew up in New York state.
Joseph Campbell was the eldest of two children born to Charles Campbell, a merchant, and Josephine Lynch. He grew up in New York state where he enjoyed an upper-class upbringing, attending Canterbury Preparatory School in New Milford. He became fascinated by Native American culture as a child and devoured as much research as he could find on the subject. He was even admitted into the adult stacks at the local library.
Campbell was educated at Columbia University where he was a member of the track team and played the saxophone in jazz bands. His participation on the track team took him to California, Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama, and Cuba. On one of the trips he met Jiddu Krishanamurti which sparked his interest in Hinduism and Buddhism. Campbell studied Sanskrit and Indo-European philology at the University of Munich.
Campbell was a prolific editor and translator, but he is most well-known for his publications on comparative mythology. His major works include THE HERO WITH A THOUSAND FACES and four volumes of THE MASKS OF GOD. In these works he examined the universality of the functions of mythology and the mythic figures.
1904 He was born in New York, New York. (March 26)
1907 His sister, Alice, was born.
1913 He moved with his family to New Rochelle, New York.
1917 His family built a bungalow to the Pocono Mountains of Pennsylvania.
1919 He enrolled in the Canterbury Preparatory School in New Milford.; A fire destroyed the family home in New Rochelle, killing his grandmother and burning his collection of Native American books.
1921 He graduated "head boy" from Canterbury, the equivalent of valedictorian.; He entered Dartmouth College.
1922 He transferred to Columbia University.
1923 He traveled to California, Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama, and Cuba as a member of Columbia's track team
1924 He met Jiddu Krishnamurti which sparked an interest in Hinduism and Buddhism.
1925 He received his B.A. from Columbia University.
1927 He received his M.A. from Columbia University and traveled to Europe to study for two years.
1928 He transferred to the University of Munich to study Sanskrit and Indo-European philology.
1929 He returned to the United States and lived in a cabin in the woods with his sister, Alice, to continue his studies.
1932 He began teaching at Canterbury in New York.
1933 He sold his first story, STRICTLY PLATONIC.
1934 He began teaching at Sarah Lawrence College.
1938 He married Jean Erdman.
1944 A SKELETON KEY TO FINNEGANS WAKE was published.; He joined the editorial staff of THE DANCE OBSERVER.
1949 THE HERO WITH A THOUSAND FACES was published.; He received an award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
1953 He was appointed president of the Creative Film Foundation.
1956 He began lecturing at the Foreign Service Institute at the State Department in Washington, D.C.
1959 THE MASKS OF GOD, VOLUME ONE: PRIMITIVE MYTHOLOGY was published
1962 THE MASKS OF GOD, VOLUME TWO: ORIENTAL MYTHOLOGY was published.
1964 THE MASKS OF GOD, VOLUME THREE: OCCIDENTAL MYTHOLOGY was published.
1968 THE MASKS OF GOD, VOLUME FOUR: CREATIVE MYTHOLOGY was published.
1969 FLIGHT OF THE WILD GANDER was published.
1971 He edited MYTHS, DREAMS, AND RELIGION.
1972 MYTHS TO LIVE BY was published.
1975 THE MYTHIC IMAGE was published.
1983 THE WAY OF THE ANIMAL POWERS, VOLUME I was published.
1987 He died in Honolulu, Hawaii. (October 31)