Georgia O'Keeffe Biography
Georgia O'Keeffe, American painter, was born to Frank O'Keeffe and Ida Totto O'Keeffe on November 15, 1887. She is most famous for her flower paintings.
Georgia O'Keeffe, American painter, was born to Frank O'Keeffe and Ida Totto O'Keeffe on November 15, 1887. At seventeen she began studying at the Art Institute of Chicago and later moved to New York to attend the Art Students League. She taught art in Texas before receiving her degree from Columbia University in South Carolina.
It was during this time that she sent some of her drawings to a friend in New York who subsequently showed them to Alfred Stieglitz, the famous photographer who owned several art galleries. He showed some of this work at his art gallery, "291," without her consent. This infuriated O'Keeffe, who went to New York and demanded that he remove them. Instead, he convinced her to let him give her a show. The two were married in 1924 and remained together until his death in 1949.
O'Keeffe is best known for her flower paintings which she created throughout her career. She also painted enlarged views of skulls, shells, and other natural forms. Critics labeled these paintings as erotic, but O'Keeffe objected to this interpretation of her work. She felt these critics were overlooking the sensual aspects of the paintings.
O'Keeffe moved to New Mexico after her husband's death, beginning a love affair with the desert that would last until her death. She died in 1986 at the age of 98.
1887 She was born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin. (November 15)
1902 She moved to Williamsburg, Virginia and enrolled in the Chatman Hall Episcopal Institute.
1904 She entered the Art Institute of Chicago.
1907 She moved to New York and attended the Art Students League.
1913 She began teaching art in Texas.
1916 She received her degree from Columbia University in South Carolina.; Alfred Stieglitz first showed some of her work in his gallery, "291."
1918 She became head of the art department at West Texas State Normal College.; She moved to New York in the summer.
1924 She married Alfred Stieglitz.; She began painting her famous flowers.
1926 She painted BLACK IRIS.; She visited New Mexico for the first time.
1929 She began painting bones.
1931 She painted COW'S SKULL, RED, WHITE AND BLUE.
1933 She was hospitalized after suffering a nervous breakdown.
1943 She painted PELVIS WITH MOON.
1946 Her husband, Alfred Stieglitz, died of a stroke. (July 13)
1949 She moved to Abiquiu, New Mexico.
1965 She painted SKY ABOVE CLOUDS IV.
1970 She received a gold medal for painting from the National Institute of Arts and Letters.
1976 Her autobiography, GEORGIA O'KEEFFE, was published.
1977 She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Gerald Ford.
1983 She went completely blind.
1985 She was awarded the National Medal of Arts by President Ronald Reagan.
1986 She died in Sante Fe, New Mexico. (March 6)
1997 The Georgia O'Keeffe Museum opened in Santa Fe, New Mexico.